GLOSSARY

GLOSSARY

  • Alcohol: The intoxicating ingredient of any spirit. 100% is pure alcohol and deadly, but most spirits contain 40-75% alcohol and is considered “hard alcohol”.
  • Barrel Aged: Any spirit put in a barrel for a period of time so that the sugars from the wood impart a taste on the final product, usually beer, bitters, wine and especially whiskey.
  • Bitter: A high alcoholic ingredient made from bark, herbs and highly concentrated to enhance and elevate a cocktail.  Typically just a few drops or less than 3ml are used per cocktail.
  • Brewery: Similar to a factory where beer is fermented and produced
  • Cocktail: Any drink containing alcohol or spirit, mixer such as soda or juice, and perhaps bitters.
  • Distillery: Similar to a factory where spirits are produced.
  • Dram: Translated means “a drink” usually of straight whisky, usually 1.5 ounces and.or 45ml
  • DUI and/or DWI: Driving While Intoxicated or Driving Under Influence of drugs or alcohol.  Its illegal in any culture/country, carries a heavy fine and/or prison time – don’t do it.
  • Garnish: An added decoration to a cocktail such as a cherry, lemon or orange slice, or even a mini umbrella if its a Tiki or Polynesian drink.
  • Gil: Older measurement of a jigger
  • Gin: Neutral spirit made with infused Juniper berries.
  • Hangover: Extreme effects of having drank too much the day after.  Often it is a severe headache, nausea, dehydration, etc.
  • Intoxicated/Intoxication: When one person has had too much to drink and their senses are no diminished.
  • Jigger: While this varies from country to country, in the USA it is 1.5 ounces or 45ml
  • Liquor: High proof spirit (70 proof or above), unsweetened, typically vodka, whiskey, gin, tequila, mezcal, pisco, brandy, cognac, rum, etc.
  • Liqueur: Spirit sweetened with sugar (of any kind)
  • Martini: While the original refers to a gin cocktail with bitters and vermouth, in the 21st century it refers to any cocktail served straight up in a martini glass.
  • Mocktail: A mixture of soda, juice, punch and flavor which is non-alcoholic.
  • Punch: Generally a mix of fruit, spirits and soda filled into a large bowl for a party for everyone to enjoy.  While it is generally lower in proof, pour too many and it can be deadly
  • Rye: Whiskey distilled from mostly rye seeds
  • Scotch: Whisky distilled from malt and barley
  • Shot: Generally 1 ounce or 30ml of a spirit (whiskey, vodka, or high proof liqueur) to be consumed in one “shot” or swallow/gulp.
  • Simple Syrup: liquid sugar that does not need to be dissolved, typically made with 1 part of boiled water with 1 part of sugar.
  • Spirit: anything distilled or fermented that contains alcohol
  • Sweet & Sour Mix: usually powdered, but best made by fresh squeezed lemon, lime and sugar.
  • Whiskey: Bourbon, moonshine, rye, scotch, are all referred to as Whiskey and/or Whisky
  • Whisky: Generally the same as whiskey but generally known to originate from Scotland or Japan
  • Winery: Similar to a factory where wine is produced
  • Vodka: Neutral spirit, generally made from wheat or potatoes. Not aged, always clear unless flavored.